Piedmont Virginia Digital History: The Land Between the Rivers
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Freedmen's Bureau Schools


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Freedmen's Bureau Schools




In 1866, Lt. Jacob Roth, Assistant Superintendent at the Louisa field office of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Land (usually knows simply as The Freedmen's Bureau or B of R.F and AL) sent this report to his superior listing the schools to be erected as soon as possible for the education of freedmen and their children. A Transcription follows:

 "August the 26, 1866 by a meeting of the most prominent of Members of the freedmen’s Baptist Church and other freemen, of almost every part of the County of Louisa; held at the freedmen’s Church of Louisa C.H. Va of request and under the supervision of Lt. J. (Jacob) Roth, asst. Superintendent B. of R.F &AL(Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Land) of Louisa Co. Va. The following places or near to it were appointed for erection of a loghouse, to be used for a freedmens School.

 1. Mechanicksille under supervision of Wm. Gasper by P. M. Morrison Fleming Ellen

 2. McKee Shop “ “ Walther Thurston by Tos. M. Baker George E. Watts 

 3. Yanceyville “ “ Henry Washington Johnson by Wm Masons near Yanceyville

 4. Louisa C.H. (a schoolhouse is built) Fountain Perkins, Rich’d Boyd, a sf Trustees: Wm Thurst_?

 5. Near Thompsons X Roads “ “ Robert Robertson, for Frank Leazans? by Gooch 

6. Frederick Hall or Mount Galland “ “ Thomas Harris, Vistus Johnson, Louis Smith, Minister 

7. Kinneys Shop “ “ John W. Kinney, Kinneyshop

 8. ? Co. Koc? “ “ Rich’d Morse, near Ell Creek or in Frederick Hall"

The second image is of the map Lt. Roth included with this report. The final image is of the Shady Grove School in 1923, which had been used since about 1870 for African-American children. It is probably typical of the buildings to be used as schools in the above mentioned locations. Shown in the photo is G. Walter Hayden and an unidentified boy. For complete information on the segregated schools of Louisa County, visit www.louisaheritage.org .


NARA Microfilm Roll 104


The Louisa County Historical Society



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