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Indian Troubles in 1763

Dublin Core

Title

Indian Troubles in 1763

Subject

French and Indian War

Description

Hostilities with the Indians again arose in the summer of 1763. Cornstalk, the Shawnee chief, raided English settlements in western Virginia while Pontiac besieged Detroit. July massacres at Tull’s Hill (Bedford County), Muddy Creek (Cumberland County), Clendenin (Greenbrier County), and Kerr’s Creek (Rockbridge County) persuaded Lieutenant Governor Francis Fauquier to call out 1000 rangers to protect the frontier. He asked William Phillips of Edgelawn to form a company which grew to 27 men and officers. Among them was Charles Barret who later acquired the Edgelawn property. Phillips was an experienced ranger. Eighteen years earlier he had served in Capt. Joseph Fox’s rangers at the time of Braddock’s defeat.

Phillips’ rangers served in Augusta County under Col. Andrew Lewis who had 450 men to protect the borderlands from Lord Fairfax’s Line to the North Carolina line. By the end of July, Indians had captured all British forts west of the Alleghenies except Detroit, Fort Pitt, and Fort Niagara. Col. Henry Bouquet threw together a hastily organized force, including 250 men from Lewis’ command that may have included Phillips’ Louisians, to relieve the forts. In early August Bouquet defeated the Shawnee and their allies near Bushy Run in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.

Phillips’ rangers were released in March 1764 having served about nine months.

Creator

Dr. Thomas P Myers

Source

Old Home Places of Louisa County, Revisted

Publisher

Louisa County Historical Society

Date

1763

Contributor

Louisa County Historical Society

Rights

All Rights Reserved.