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This image is of one of the main buildings at the Allah Cooper Mine. There were twenty-four mines in the Mineral area, all near Contrary Creek.

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This image is of Albon P. Mann, Superintendent of the Arminius Mines. Albon P. Mann carried the main responsibility for the productivity of the mine and was in constant correspondence with manufacturers whom he had made contracts with. His brother,…

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This postcard displays the buildings of the Arminius Mines in the wintertime. Winter presented a whole new set of challenges for the mines. During the colder months, moisture would enter the ore and freeze while it was transported in railroad cars.…

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This image is of the buildings of Boyd Smith Mine. The caption reads "Virginia Pyrite Mine Plant." There were twenty-four mines in the area, each located along Contrary Creek.

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This is a postcard of the buildings of the Boyd Smith Mine, one of the larger mines in the area. With twenty-four mines in the Contrary Creek area, mining was a large source of employment for Louisa County.

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This is a postcard of the business center for the Arminius Mines. The Arminius Mines struggled financially as they were constantly behind in their shipments. The company changed owners on several occasions. In the first sale, they hoped to obtain…

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This is an image of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad coming into the Sulphur Mine. The railroad was the sole method of the mines transporting their ore and receiving supplies. One worry of the mines was that the threat of war could cause their raw…

This image shows miners working in three shafts as a part of the daily operations of the Arminius Mines. A skip is pulling materials from across the shafts and miners can be seen doing manual labor in the first shaft.

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This image is of the daily operations of the Arminius mines, one of the largest mines in the area. A skip is seen in many of the images of the mines. It was used to transfer three to four tons of ore which are then dumped into big crushers before…

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This image is of a home at the Arminius Mines, one of the largest mines in the area. Families of miners lived on the property and created their own distinct culture that altered the entire town. The miners were rowdier than Mineral's previous…

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This image displays the daily operations of the Arminius mines. It includes a man transporting supplies across the mines by a skip. Skips were capable of moving three to four tons of ore across short distances at the mine.

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This image shows the daily operations of the Arminius mines as ore is transported over a cable using a skip and dumped to be crushed. In the background, managers' housing can be seen. The managers of the Arminius Mines, especially superintendent…

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This image displays the daily operations of the Arminius mines, one of the largest mines in the area. Several men are watching a skip above dump ore that had been transported across a cable to be crushed.

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This image is of the daily operations of the Arminius mines, one of the largest mines in the area. Miners used a skip to transport three or four tons of ore at a time across the mine to be crushed before being washed in jigs.

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This image displays the daily operations of the Arminius mines, one of the largest mines in the area. Pyrite from the Arminius Mines was often manufactured for sulphuric acid in fertilizer.

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This is a flier for a night of entertainment at Odd Fellow's Hall in Mineral. There was to be a band playing and the play "Childhood," consisting of two acts of charades. Admission was charged at twenty five cents for adults and fifteen cents for…

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E.A. Whitlock and J.A. Whitlock were required to post a surety bond in the amount of $500 in order to have an establishment as a retail liquor dealer. Dozens of such establishments were established in and around Mineral City, including dozens of…

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This stock certificate certified that P.P. Porter owned ten shares of stock in the Mineral City Mining, Manufacturing and Land Company. He bought each of these shares at a price of one hundred dollars. Stocks such as this one ensured capital for the…

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The Virginia Central Railroad was a vital link between the region just east of the Blue Ridge Mountains and Richmond. When vast mineral deposits were being mined in Mineral City in Louisa County, the railroad was vital for transporting shipments of…