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In 1862 Union forces made raids into Louisa County and were camped nearby making it worth the risk for many slaves to runaway and take refuge behind Union lines.

The index and original images available here show the sizable number of slaves who…

Extracted records for individuals from various states listing Louisa or Goochland Counties as place of birth.

Enumeration of males over 21 for taxation of personal property.

Narrative of Burton Payne, enslaved by John Wills at Chatham Plantation, and Albert Gallatin Wills of Forest Place Planation, narrative collected before 1922, identifies Burton Payne's father Thomas Mathews

Death Certificate of Burton Payne founder of African American community "Payne Town" includes notation "slave of AG Wills" died at age 105